Signs and Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes:
- increased urination
- increased thirst
- increased hunger
- blurred vision
- weight loss
- behavior changes
Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes: Insulin must be given in order for a person with Type 1 Diabetes to survive. Insulin is usually given by multiple injections daily OR via an Insulin Pump. Diet (specifically carbohydrate intake), Insulin, and Activity must be BALANCED hour to hour to avoid immediate dangers from treatment with insulin.
Immediate Dangers Include:
- LOW BLOOD SUGAR - This can happen at any time to a person taking insulin. It can be due to low carbohydrate intake, too much insulin, activity, illness, and a hot or cold environment. It is an immediate health concern. If it is not treated with sugar the person can go unconscious, have a seizure, and/or die.
- HIGH BLOOD SUGAR - This can occur at times of stress, too many carbohydrates, too little insulin, during growth, during periods of illness, at times of inactivity etc. High blood sugars can also become an emergency if they occur for several hours and ketones start to develop.
WHAT I WANT YOU TO KNOW ABOUT TYPE 1 DIABETES:
- My son nor my family did nothing to cause this disease (see causes above).
- Joe can eat most foods within reason as long as I calculate the insulin dose according to the carbohydrate count of the food he is going to consume.
- Joe can have sugar sometimes - for lows and for a "treat" (as long as I give him insulin to cover the grams of carbohydrate consumed)
- Diet and exercise is NOT the treatment plan for a person with Type 1 Diabetes. Insulin is the treatment. A healthy diet and exercise is good for ALL of us.
- Joe is a happy, healthy, active boy.
- Please ask questions